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Rupestrian Churches Park
The Natural Historycal and Archaeological Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera, known also as Parco della Murgia Materana, is situated in the eastern part of Basilicata and covers an area of ​​about 8000 hectares in the territory of Matera and Montescaglioso. The area of the park is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Sassi of Matera.
The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the many fossils on display at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale Ridola Matera, at rest or the Cave of Bats, attended in the Paleolithic and Neolithic villages of Murgia Timone, Murgecchia and Trasanello surrounded by moats dug defensive in the rock, which are characterized in the middle Neolithic to the Serra d’Alto pottery, ceramics figulina painted in brown with geometric motifs and ribbon handles with busts often animals that takes its name from the hill of Matera, which is associated in the final Neolithic pottery of Diana Bellavista.
One of the most important features of the Murgia is the presence of over a hundred cave churches scattered throughout the territory, sometimes hidden by dense vegetation and dug along the steep banks of the ravine in inaccessible and difficult to access, decorated with spectacular frescoes testify to the devotion that lasted until our day.
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